Transactional writing is an umbrella term that encompasses a variety of genres of writing, including nonfiction.

The goal of every written text that is transactional is to convey ideas and other information to others.

The function of a text could be described by:

  • To persuade
  • To debate
  • To provide advice
  • To inform.

Sometimes, 2 (or more) of the above reasons are combined into one text type.


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What are the TRANSACTIONAL TXT Types?

Every genre of writing which aims to convince or argue, inform or even inform is classed as transactional type. They can generally be classified loosely into any of these categories:

  1. Article (Read our detailed guide on creating your article on this page)
  2. Leaflet
  3. Letter (Read our detailed tutorial on the art of writing letters here)
  4. Review (Read our detailed guide to writing a book review here)
  5. Speech

Each genre (and the sub-genres that follow) are bound by certain conventions in syntax and language.

What New York Publishers will Examine in this article

We'll take a look at each one of these text types in greater depth, as well as different types of text which don't fit into one of the five broad genres mentioned above.

We'll supply you with all the necessary tools to assist students in the writing of any written work that is transactional.

The following article will examine the things students need to be thinking about before they begin to write and break down every genre of transactional writing to the precise requirements of structure and language.

We'll also provide tips, tools, and tricks that students can employ to add polish to their writing and assist them in achieving the goal of their texts.


For any writing project, it is essential to prepare. There's an effective acronym that New York Publishers can use to keep the most important elements of writing preparation for transactions to mind GAPS

Before writing, students must fill in their GAPS with the questions below prompted by the letters in the acronym.

Let's have a look:

Genre- What kind of text are you required to compose? What are the main characteristics of this genre?

Audience - Who are you asked to create content for? Are you writing for an individual or an entire group?

Purpose- What is it that you are trying to accomplish with the text? To convince, argue, advise or educate?

Style- The text is formal, or casual? Is it a serious or relaxed tone? Simple or complicated?

Usually, they can be quickly answered through a careful review of the question or a writing question.

If students are allowed to have more freedom in the writing they do and are not required to check that they've undoubtedly completed these tasks before starting the writing process.

If you don't definitively answer these questions before beginning to write is almost certain that the writing will be unclear of intent.


Once a student has identified the genre of writing they will be creating, they should make sure they have a solid understanding of the characteristics of that particular genre.

In the next section, we'll take a quick look at the most important aspects of all of the popular writing genres that deal with transactions. We don't have enough space to discuss every genre in depth since that would require a special article on each.

You'll be pleased to find complete (and well-written) essays on every genre of writing on this website!

Let's take an overview of the primary criteria for the most commonly used transactional text types.


1. HOW to write an article

The term "article" encompasses a wide range of topics in this. You can discover articles in newspapers, magazines as well as websites. There are many kinds of essays, including persuasive essays, such as well as articles.


Articles are typically lengthy pieces of prose written on a particular subject. They may be balanced in their approach by examining a variety of perspectives and also offer a highly subjective view of the subject the article is written about.

The topics that articles can be able to explore are virtually endless. Anything that you can think of an opinion on can be an article. Common ideas for topics include:

  • Sport
  • Travel
  • Music
  • Entertainment
  • Celebrities
  • News
  • Current affairs
  • Hobbies
  • History

Articles typically are written in a three-part format consisting of the introduction and body paragraphs and conclusion.

The introduction attempts to capture the attention of the reader and typically summarizes the primary idea of the piece.

A set of body paragraphs is usually followed that provide additional information on the major issues covered in the article.

The last paragraph of the concluding paragraph connects it all in the closing paragraph.

the language of an Article:

To determine the type of language to use in the article, the author must first establish the reader and the goal of the article.

No matter which register of the language is employed, it must be compatible with your background and the reader about complexity and word choice.

The words used should be selected to ensure the objective of the piece is fulfilled. For instance, when an article intends to convince, emotive language might be chosen. For an academic paper about a topic from the past detached language, without emotional nuances could be better.

In simple terms:

  • Headings and subheadings
  • Hook or attention grabber
  • Introduction to answer who is, what, when, where, what, and why, and in what way?
  • Body paragraphs
  • Conclusion
  • Could contain photos with captions.


Standard leaflets are created by folding sheets of paper to make 2,3 or even more sheets. They're usually colorful and usually handed out for free to provide information about products or services.


In leaflets, the layout and arrangement of the text are particularly crucial. They are typically printed on folded pieces of paper or cards that have implications for how the information contained in the leaflet is presented.

Leaflets differ widely based on their intended purpose and the target audience they're designed for. They typically make use of subheadings to guide the reader's eyes through the different parts of information.

Additionally, information is often written in bullet points or numbers to make the instructions like that easier to follow.


If leaflets contain instructions typically, they'll employ imperatives as well as the personal pronoun "you".

The language employed will be suitable for the intended audience. If the audience is large and diverse, such as for an attraction for tourists it is simple so that information contained in the brochure is accessible to the broadest possible public.

The tone is usually positive and comforting, to create confidence in the content it provides.


  • Easy to read thanks to headings and subheadings
  • A vibrant and bold display style
  • Offers a product or service (or gives details)
  • Often uses persuasive language
  • Eye-catching
  • Utilization of bullet points
  • Short, quick sentences
  • Make use of pictures and images
  • It may include information on directions, maps opening times, price telephone number., etc.


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  • With clear goals simple to align with the requirements of your program

3. Writing LETTERS

Letters are letters is a written type of communication, which is typically intended to be read only by a single or a few individuals. It is only rarely designed to be read out by an entire amount of individuals, in which case, it is typically described as an "open letter.

Although letters were traditionally written in hand on paper, and then delivered through the post, modern technology has offered us an array of possibilities for personal communication, such as text messages, emails, and other forms of digital communication.

STRUCTURE Of a Letter:

Before recently letter writing was more formal. There are standard formulas for closing and opening letters, which are widespread. For instance:

Note: If the letter starts beginning with Dear Sir or Dear Madam (i.e. the name isn't known) it will end with Yours Truly

* If it begins beginning with Dear Mr. Smith or Dear Mrs. Smith (i.e. the name is recognized) it will end with With a Sincere Thank You.

While formal conventions are applied to certain kinds of texts that we could classify as 'letters are less formal in their structure. Invitations and emails are two prime examples of text that take a more loose approach to structuring.


The words used in any letter will be largely dependent on the readership it's designed for.

For instance, while formal letters, like the cover letter that is part of an application for a job, will have a professional tone, however, an invitation to a birthday celebration will be a warm and inviting tone.

Emails are utilized to serve a variety of reasons these days, and, even though they can still be utilized in more formal settings generally they're much more informal in a way than letters.

Letter Writing Key ADVANCEMENTS:

  • To send formal correspondence, include your address and the date in the upper right corner. Add the address of the recipient to the left
  • Starts with a suitable greeting (e.g. Dear Sir/Madam, Dear Mr. X / Ms. X, Hi, etc)
  • The main body of paragraphs.
  • The letter ends with a suitable closing (e.g. Yours Truly, Yours Sincerely and Take Care, etc.)


Typically, when we think of reviews, many people think of film and book reviews. Of course, there are various other types of reviews that we can think about.

Today, people write reviews of almost every item or service including restaurants, hotels, and even restaurants. As an example, we may look up a review on an event in the theater before choosing whether to go to it or play a computer game before deciding on whether to purchase it.



A typical review will start with a brief description of the subject matter being discussed before the writer summarizes their view. The remaining portion of the review is filled with explanations of how the writer came to the conclusion they came to along with closely referencing to the subject that's being discussed.


If the review is positive and the writer chooses to go to use more positive language, making an overall positive experience for the readers. This is not the case when it comes to negative reviews.

The style of a review will be evident in the selection of adjectives that the writer chooses to use.

Because the review attempts to alter the perception of the reader about the item being reviewed the reader must be confident in the reviewer. This is accomplished by the writer establishing relationships with readers.

A way to accomplish this is to employ the utilization of humor, however, the degree to which it's appropriate will depend specifically on the objective of the review and the type of audience.


  • States the subject matter being evaluated (book or film, article, and so on.)
  • A brief overview of the material
  • Body paragraphs discuss positives and negatives
  • The conclusion summarises and expresses an opinion
  • Gives either a negative or negative opinion or positive recommendations.


Speeches are designed to accomplish four things: to educate, to instruct, and to persuade or entertain. They are given at various official and non-formal occasions, ranging from speeches for political campaigns to toasts at birthday parties.


Speeches usually follow an easy 3-part structure.

  • An engaging and inspiring opening
  • Well-structured, strong arguments
  • a memorable final


A speech must convey arguments that are clear and consistent. The speaker should be engaged and competent in connecting with the audience at an emotional level.

To not alienate the audience, it's important to select a language that is by the makeup of your audience.

The main purpose of speeches is to persuade and therefore persuasive tools should be employed, for example, rhetorical questions objection handling, and emotional speech.


  • It opens with a welcoming declaration (or greeting) (Ladies and gentlemen, dearly beloved, Teachers and students, and so on.)
  • Outlines what the speech will be about (Today I will talk with you regarding ...)
  • The body of speech gives three or four points and goes on to elaborate upon each point.
  • Arguments are used to resolve the opposition
  • Conclusion summarizing the main issues
  • A possible call to action may occur at the conclusion
  • Thank the crowd.


The criteria listed above are not exhaustive and every genre deserves to be studied thoroughly before writing. The content on this website is a great way to begin.

Be aware that the characteristics listed above are general, and each genre comes with many subtypes, each with its specific requirements which might not be included in the bullets above.

Furthermore, while the style of writing will influence the tone and style of the text, it all depends on the intention and the target audience. This is decided by the student during the stage of preparation, by answering the GAPS questions mentioned previously in the article.

The students now know how to prepare for writing what structure to write in and what language registers to employ, now is the time to ensure they've got the right capabilities to get their work completed.

What are the key skills required to write a TRANSACTIONAL text?

We've already discussed transactional writing texts span many types, with a wide range of uses, and are targeted at various readers.

So the list of strategies and abilities described below will not be appropriate for every writing task that students write.

After the student has learned each of the skills and methods listed below, they'll need to use their knowledge of each writing situation to determine which one is most suitable for their current needs.

The acronym FOREST helps students remember specific writing methods.


Alliteration is the repeated sound of the consonant sound that is first heard in a sequence of words. Tongue twisters are a simple method of illustrating the idea, e.g.,

Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.

It is common to see alliteration in the text that uses headlines because the method helps draw readers' attention and engage them. It could also be utilized in the text to bring attention to a particular idea or concept.

Appeals an opportunity to think about who the text is meant to be appealing to since this will significantly affect the tone of the text.

It will also provide information about the writer on which pronouns to employ in their work.

For instance, in a speech in which the speaker directly addresses the audience,e they could often use personal pronouns when at the audience, for example, we and you. as well as us.

For instance:

In place in place of... "Action should be taken to stop it from happening."

A student wrote... "We must do something to prevent this from happening."

F Facts

Facts are an essential tool for persuasion, and they can take on numerous varieties. Fundamentally, they are any factual assertion that is verified. Statistics are an effective method to convince people to believe in the truthfulness of statements.

Whatever form of information comes in the form of facts, they could be utilized to entertain or inform and also persuade the reader.

O - Opinion

The opinion is the expression of an individual point of opinion. Opinions add life back to a piece of writing.

While it isn't acceptable to share the opinions of an individual in certain situations, a lot of written transactional texts are incomplete without the author's view. For instance, an essay that is persuasive or a movie review.

A text may begin with an assertion of the writer's view while the remainder of the text focuses on proving the writer's opinion to convince the reader to accept the writer's point viewpoint.

The distinction between a statement of fact and an opinion is illustrated by these two sentences:

BrazilJiuJitsuitsu is a wildly well-known combat sport. (Fact)


BrazilJiuJitsuitsu is one of the most popular in all combat sports. (Opinion)


Repetition of repeated words or phrases within texts is a great method of highlighting the message or idea and reaffirming it to the person reading it. Repetition is a way not just to create rhythm and poetry in a text but also to provide clarity as well.

Rhetorical questions are those which are asked but there is no expectation of a response. In most cases, the answer will be implied or obvious to the listener. They are commonly employed in speeches and convincing texts, such as ads.

For instance,

"Why do I have to pay more?"

Rhetorical questions are posed for the impact they produce and not to try to get an answer. They can be an extremely convincing tool to include in the arsenal of any writer.

E - Emotive Language & Exaggeration

Emotive Language is an effective method of persuasion. The use of emotive language in the text could be employed to create readers feel strongly.

It doesn't matter if these emotions are ones of sadness, joy, or disgust writers employ this kind of language to create an emotion within the reader, and to motivate them to choose a specific direction.

Emotional language is generally understood as opposed to factual, objective writing. It is a form of writing that creates an argument or contention but in a way that is appealing to the reader's emotions.

For instance, if the writer believes that there should not be restrictions on opening hours for businesses They could say:

"Forcing businesses to shut will take money from those pockets that belong to our most vulnerable workers. It will take food from the hungry stomachs of children ."

Exaggeration is often referred to by the term hyperbole and in this instance refers to the creation of over-the-top claims to enhance the effect of the argument.

For instance,

Instead of saying that school closings can cause issues for parents, students, and teachers it is possible to say something like:

"School closings are all there is!"

S Statistic

Statistics together with percentages and other figures are used to provide evidence to support facts.

For instance,

"The start of the week can be extremely stressful for many. This is so much that the chance of having a heart attack among adult males is approximately 20% higher on Mondays and 15% more for women of adult age ."

T 3rd Rule

3. is the number that makes the most sense. The brain loves patterns because they aid us in making meaning and making that meaning memorable. It is evident in a variety of everyday phrases.

For instance,

"Cool, calm, collected"

"Blood and sweat, and tears"

"Location, location, location"

Although cliches should generally avoid, pupils can create their designs using the guidelines of three to help make their writing more memorable.


Transaction Complete

If you can comprehend the above strategies, concepts and methods can ensure that students can write with confidence and proficiency. an impressive piece of writing that is transactional in any category.

As their skills and experience increase, students will become aware of the goal of every writing prompt and precisely assess their potential audience to improve their writing skills.

After they've chosen the right specifications, they'll be in a position to choose the right tools and methods to write an impressive work of art that fulfills all the goals they set out to achieve.